International Blood Research & Reviews http://www.journalibrr.com/index.php/IBRR <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International Blood Research &amp; Reviews (ISSN:&nbsp;2321–7219)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/IBRR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Blood related research’. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US International Blood Research & Reviews 2321-7219 Glutathione and Bilirubin Concentrations as Markers of Oxidative Stress Measured among Sickle Cell Anaemia Subjects Attending University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar Nigeria http://www.journalibrr.com/index.php/IBRR/article/view/30114 <p><strong>Aims:</strong> This study aimed at examining the oxidative stress level of sickle cell anaemia subjects using glutathione and bilirubin levels as markers as well as the red cell parameters.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> Case-control study.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar-Nigeria, between August 2018 and July 2019.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Subjects comprised 45 SCA patients (27 females, 18 males; age range 10-45 years) attending clinic at University of Calabar Teaching Hospital Calabar, Nigeria and equal number of age and sex-matched control subjects with Hb AA. Blood samples were collected and analyzed by standard methods. The red cell parameters were analysed by automation using FY-Smart-1 auto haematology analyzer. Bilirubin assay was performed using the colorimetric method, while glutathione was performed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The red blood cell count, haemoglobin concentration, and haematocrit values of SCA subjects were significantly lower (p=0.001) compared to values from control subjects, while the red cell indices and red cell distribution width values were increased in SCA subjects (p=0.001). The Total bilirubin, conjugated bilirubin and unconjugated bilirubin were significantly increased (p=0.001) among SCA subjects, while the glutathione concentration values were reduced (p=0.001) when compared to values obtained from control subjects.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> SCA subjects have marked red cell size variation, lymphocytosis and thrombocytosis. The haemolytic events that occur in sickle cell anaemia results in glutathione depletion.</p> E. E. Onukak E. C. Akwiwu J. O. Akpotuzor A. O. Okafor A. E. Onukak ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-07 2019-12-07 1 6 10.9734/ibrr/2019/v10i230114 The KAPP Study of Malaria and its Prevalence amongst Boarding School Students in Gboko Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria http://www.journalibrr.com/index.php/IBRR/article/view/30115 <p>Malaria is a life-threatening parasitic disease caused by a protozoan of the genus <em>Plasmodium</em> and is one of the most important parasitic diseases of man globally especially in sub-Saharan Africa. This research was done to assess malaria infection and its relationship with the knowledge, attitude, perception and prevention among students of boarding schools in Gboko Local Government Area. Five boarding schools within Gboko Local Government were selected for the study. A total of 370 students were sampled to represent the population. Malaria in the schools selected for this study was determined through malaria test via the examination of stained thick blood smears under the microscope. Structured questionnaires were administered to the participants to get information pertaining to their demography, knowledge, attitude, perception and preventive methods towards malaria. Thick blood films were stained using Romanowsky Field Stains. Chi-square was used for comparing infections and to determine the significant relationships at 95% level of significance. The results showed an overall prevalence of 20.8%. The prevalence of malaria was higher among female students (22.3%) than in male students (19.5%). Malaria was found most (10.8%) among students who use insecticide treated nets (ITNs). This study revealed that the knowledge and ownership of insecticide treated net (ITN) was high (86.2%) among the students. However, only 60.0% of the ITN owners actually use it. Thirteen percent of the students have phobia for the use of ITN while many students do not use the ITN for diverse perceived reasons. The treatment seeking behavior of the students showed that majority of the students (84.9%) access the school clinic when they have fever. This study has revealed that there are misconceptions on the knowledge of malaria among students and these are some of the factors leading to the risk and exposure of students to the bites of mosquitoes. The perceived beliefs on malaria in this study have no scientific basis and can easily be overcome through proper health education. Providing a mosquito free environment and promoting ITN usage as well as use of mosquito repellent cream among boarding school students may help achieve the desired protection against mosquito bites and subsequently prevent malaria.</p> N. Amagu V. U. Obisike E. U. Amuta ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-12-13 2019-12-13 1 7 10.9734/ibrr/2019/v10i230115 Blood Donation Practices of Tertiary Level Students in South Eastern Nigeria: Prevalence and Determinants http://www.journalibrr.com/index.php/IBRR/article/view/30116 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Safe and adequate blood donation is critical in saving millions of lives annually. In many developing including Nigeria, there is paucity of blood donors.</p> <p><strong>Aim:</strong> In this study, we assessed the blood donation practices of tertiary level students in Imo State, South East Nigeria as well as its prevalence and determinants.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Multistage sampling technique was used. Stage one involved the stratification of the institutions into universities and non-universities. In stage two, one university and one non -university was selected using simple random method. Stage three involved the selection of study participants from the student registry using systematic sampling method. Self-administered questionnaire was the study instrument. Data analysis was with Statistical Package for Social Sciences (IBM – SPSS) version 20.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Six hundred (600) undergraduates participated in the study. The mean age of the respondents was 21.3 ± 5.0 years. The one year prevalence of blood donation in this study was 13.8% and 63.1% of the non-donors were willing to donate.&nbsp; Respondents aged 15 – 29 years more willing to donate blood compared to those aged 30 – 44 years (OR = 3.03, p = 0.0003), those that were single were 4 times more willing to donate in comparison to those that were married/divorced (OR = 4.02, p &lt; 0.0001). Respondents that were of Catholic faith were also more willing to donate compared to those that were of Pentecostal/Orthodox denomination (OR = 2.72, p = &lt;0.0001). Class distribution and residence were not independent predictors of willingness to donate blood.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> From the findings in this study, it was obvious that the willingness to donate blood is far greater than the actual act of donating blood. There is need to continue to reach out to those willing to donate but do not know how to go about it.</p> Chukwuma B. Duru Uche R. Oluoha Anthony C. Iwu Chinyere M. Aguocha Ikechi Ohale Emmanuel N. Ndukwu Ernest Nwaigbo Nnamdi P. Okafor ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-01-01 2020-01-01 1 12 10.9734/ibrr/2019/v10i230116